Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve, which transmits the images you see from the eye to the brain. The optic nerve is made up of many nerve fibers (like an electric cable with its numerous wires). Glaucoma damages nerve fibers, which can cause blind spots and vision loss.
Your eye works a lot like a camera. Light rays focus through your lens onto the retina, a layer of light-sensitive cells at the back of the eye. Similar to photographic film, the retina allows the image to be “seen” by the brain.
The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. In the center of this nerve tissue is the macula. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Retinal disorders affect this vital tissue. They can affect...
Your eyelids help protect your eyes. But they can droop, twitch, or become infected or inflamed.
Pediatric Eye Conditions
Prompt identification of childhood eye and vision problems is often the best way to preserve or regain vision. This applies to common pediatric eye conditions such as refractive error requiring eyeglasses, amblyopia (or lazy eye) and strabismus (eyes that are not straight), as well as serious eye conditions.
The cornea is a clear layer that covers the front of the eye. It helps the eye focus and keeps out germs and dust. Corneal diseases include infections, degeneration of the cornea and inherited conditions.
Neuro-Ophthalmology specializes in the intricate relationship of the brain and the visual system. Five of the 12 major nerves in the cranium play a role in vision. Nerve diseases and other problems can affect the optic nerve and other pathways that carry vision signals to the brain, or compromise vision by affecting tissues around the...
Today, many people choose to correct their refractive errors with techniques other than wearing eyeglasses or contact lenses. Surgeries like laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, or LASIK, improve vision by permanently changing the shape of the cornea to redirect how light is focused on the retina. However, in certain cases, LASIK or other refractive surgeries to...